There are essentially three types of yarn used in synthetic turf fields: Polyethylene, Nylon and Polypropylene. Challenger Sports Turf has the capability to make turf in any of these material as well as the knowledge and experience to help you specify the best material for your application.
- Polyethylene is the most common fiber used in field products. It is the least abrasive material and manufacturing techniques allow it to simulate the look and feel of real grass better than the other materials.
- Nylon is widely considered to be the most durable materials, but it also tends to be the most expensive and abrasive. Nylon typically absorbs more moisture than any other fiber, holding odors and allowing bacteria to grow. Most of the original turf fields were made from nylon, but it has been replaced by polyethylene for most applications.
- Polypropylene is less expensive than nylon, but still very abrasive. It is not specified very often for sports fields, but is used in some baseball and golf products and as the thatch layer in many landscaping turf systems.
High Performance Monofilament
Monofilament fibers made from a high performance polyethylene resin are the most commonly specified fibers for use in most fields these days, especially soccer due to its non-directional blades. It has become very popular as it looks, feels and performs a lot like natural grass.
Because monofilament fibers are extruded, it is possible to create different blade shapes. Using different shapes was originally developed to enhance fiber memory – the ability of the fibers to remain upright, but many shapes also helped reduce fraying, solar glare and heat retention. Challenger utilizes a number of proven shapes that can be incorporated into your turf.
High Performance Slit Film (Parallel Fibrillated)
Slit films represent the most proven and most durable fibers used in the construction of synthetic turf. However, while many field owners don’t like the initial shiny appearance of slit film, once installed and brushed, it looks more natural. With age, its durability and cost make it a great value.
Many of the turf systems we design today utilize blends of both monofilament fibers and slit film fibers so that we can the look desired while still achieving performance goals in the most cost effective manner possible.